FINNISH PEAT INDUSTRY CREATES WELFARE AND RESPECTS ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
Click here for a brochure Finnish Peat Industry in a Nutshell
Here you can find an introduction to Finnish peat resources, to their utilization and to current environmental issues related to peat. Peat is an important natural resource for
Peat is an important natural resource in Finland
Finland is literally a “peatland” where almost 1/3 of the land area or approximately 9.3 million ha are covered by peatlands. About 51% of the Finnish peatlands have been drained for forestry and 4% for agricultural purposes, 32% are in pristine/natural state, 12% protected, and 0.6%
The use of peat as fuel and as a material for many other purposes has a long tradition in
Many possibilities to utilize peat
Peat is a very important heating fuel in
Peat is also widely used in horticulture as a growing medium. Peat products are also suitable for many other purposes: as litter or absorbent peat, composting peat, frost insulation, landfill structures and soil improvement. Peat is also valuable for balneological and medical purposes.
Environmental matters are a key issue to the peat industry in Finland
Sustainable and careful management of environmental matters are essential values in the Finnish peat industry. Environmental impacts of the activities are recognized and continuous research and development is being carried out to improve the operations and to minimize the environmental load.
Peat production in
New environmental protection methods are continuously being researched and developed together with environmental authorities and consultants, universities and other research institutions. The Finnish peat industry is also committed to develop alternatives to the after-use or re-use of the cut-away peat production areas. There are several good examples of afforestation, reed canary grass cultivation, agricultural use, re-paludification and bird sanctuaries on the former production sites.
Life-cycle approach takes into account the whole chain
Climate change issues related to the utilization of peat have been a subject of public debate over the past few years. Having a life-cycle approach, i.e. analyzing the whole chain of peat production and after-treatment, is also essential from the climate-change point of view. According to the recent VTT research reports, cultivated (croplands) and drained peatlands have significant greenhouse impacts due to the increased oxygenation of peat leading to higher CO2 emissions. Directing peat production to these areas connected with biofuel production, such as wood or reed canary grass, in the after-use, would make the total climate impact of peat utilization significantly smaller compared to coal.